Know your listening strategies!

Listening strategies can be classified by how the listener processes the input to be comprehended.

Top-down strategies are listener based

The listener taps into background knowledge of the topic, the situation or context, the type of text, and the language. This background knowledge activates a set of expectations that help the listener to interpret what is heard and anticipate what will come next. Top-down strategies include:

  • listening for the main idea
  • predicting
  • drawing inferences
  • summarizing

Bottom-up strategies are text based

The listener relies on the language in the message, that is, the combination of sounds, words, and grammar that creates meaning. Bottom-up strategies include

  • listening for specific details
  • recognizing cognates
  • recognizing word-order patterns

Here is a good example of informative listening that can be viewed in You Tube.com

Teacher can use this video as listening material and construct questions based on the information!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n_8kv-MldDI

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