Shared by: JOHNNY TIANG KAH HOE (A126075)
Some teachers claim that the students should first hear a new language target before they come to speak or produce the target language (Paul 2003). There is a strong evident to support this view of theirs. A baby first listens to a language before he can speak the language and later write the language. Thus, listening skill is essential to be taught in the classroom for a purpose to aid the students’ in their learning of other skills to master a language.
It is important for a teacher to encourage the students to listen to English as often as possible. But we have to bear in mind that students have to listen to English of an appropriate level. The level should not be too easy or too difficult for them as it will cause the students to lose their motivation in listening.
I still remember at one time my secondary teacher, Madam Kong, who used a song to conduct a listening lesson in our classroom. It is a very interesting listening lesson to me. In the beginning of the listening class, Madam Kong gave us a lyric of a song “Seasons in the Sun”. Some words were missing in the lyric. Later, she played a song and asked us to listen to the song carefully in order to fill in the blanks in the lyric she had given to us.
Refer below for the powerpoint file created by me that you can use to conduct a similar listening lesson for your students. Please be reminded that the song is better to play twice so that the students can have more chance in listening and getting more accurate answers.
Paul, D. 2003. Teaching English to children in Asia. Hong Kong: Longman Asia.
Giving Direction: Solving Mazes
Time: 60 minutes
Preparation: 15 minutes
- Before the activity begins, teacher had a short discussion with the students regarding vocabulary used in giving directions.
- Then, teacher explains the activity to the students and what they are expected to do.
- Students are divided into pairs.
- Each pair will be given a task sheet (maze) to be completed.
- One student will give direction whereas the other student will listen to the directions given by his partner in order to solve the maze.
- After a maze is completed, students change their roles and complete another maze given by teacher.
- After that, students compare their answers with other students.
After the activity, teacher conducted a short discussion again with the students on what vocabulary that they employ in giving directions to their friends and the difficulties encountered.
This activity allows students to practice their listening and speaking skills. At the same time, students have to incorporate appropriate grammar and vocabulary while giving instructions to their partners. Thus, this activity helps students to enhance their vocabulary as it creates an opportunity for the students to use the language in their conversation (giving direction).
There are varieties of mazes that can be found on the internet. Here are examples of simple but fun mazes that can be used for kids of lower and intermediate students. Printable Mazes For Kids
By: LEE CHEN PING (A126076)
In an ESL learning context, listening means to understand, recall and respond to speakers’ implicit and explicit meanings. Strategies to enhance listening skills are techniques or activities that contribute directly to the comprehension and recall of listening input. In other words, listening strategies can be classified by how the listener processes the input. Therefore, first of all, a teacher should conduct the listening activity in the classroom around a contextualised task. Contextualised listening activities are connected to real-life task and will give the listener an idea on what information to expect and what to do with the information after the listening process. For example, asking students to listen to a short radio broadcast to obtain information would be authentic and applicable in real-life situation.
Next, listening skills can be enhanced when the teacher defines the activity’s instructional goal and types of responses. Recognising the goals of listening comprehension will help students to formulate appropriate listening strategies. The students will be able to identify specific details of the message, determine the major facts about a massage, differentiate between main ideas and supporting details; and finally reproduce the message orally or in writing.
The third strategy to enhance listening skills among students is that teacher needs to check the level of difficulty of the listening text. It is very important to ensure that the information presented is well-organised. Listening will become effective when the text is presented in natural chronological orders, which have an informative title with obvious organisation – main ideas first, followed by details and examples. This will enable the students to conceptualise what they have heard and organise the information in their working memory easier.
So, I have discovered a great free website to enhance listening skills. AGENDA Web. They provided various types of free topics for students to choose.
Not only that, there are also recorded audio for students to practise listening. The files of the audio are very small and this makes the audio loading quite fast and convenient. The picture below shows the media button to control the audio from this website.
There are also tapescripts from the audio presented. The picture below shows an example of tape script of “Cloning Pets”.
There are also some exercises given based on the audio text. Exercises such as vocabulary, cloze, crossword puzzles, true/false and MCQ are included to give students variety in choosing the exercise that they prefer.
All in all, this website is a joy to visit for those who want to practise their listening skills 🙂
These days, students find it hard to comprehend words articulated by native speakers. The major factors that cause students to have poor understanding of speech delivered by Caucasian are students’ poor vocabularies and low English competency. However, the advancement of technology has allowed researchers to develop audiobook. The audiobook is the digital recording of a speaker reading a written text out. Therefore, the audiobook is synchronized to the reading texts distributed to the students. Audiobook not only allows students to concentrate on the reading materials but students are now exposed to the correct pronunciation, intonation and accents of good English speakers. Audiobook will serve as a platform for teaching listening in a classroom where a teacher might seek some topics of general interest which would motivate students in listening English texts. Apart from that, a teacher can introduce audiobooks of different genres where students would engage in listening during their free hours outside the schools. The introduction of audiobook allows the students to catch up their interest in sports, world issues, history, latest technology development etc via listening. Hence, the use of audiobook in a classroom serves a major step to encourage learning takes place in a listening lesson.
Yu Ching Hung
Know your listening strategies!
Listening strategies can be classified by how the listener processes the input to be comprehended.
Top-down strategies are listener based
The listener taps into background knowledge of the topic, the situation or context, the type of text, and the language. This background knowledge activates a set of expectations that help the listener to interpret what is heard and anticipate what will come next. Top-down strategies include:
- listening for the main idea
- drawing inferences
Bottom-up strategies are text based
The listener relies on the language in the message, that is, the combination of sounds, words, and grammar that creates meaning. Bottom-up strategies include
- listening for specific details
- recognizing cognates
- recognizing word-order patterns
Here is a good example of informative listening that can be viewed in You Tube.com
Teacher can use this video as listening material and construct questions based on the information!
Here is another fun way to learn English…
Listen, listen, listen – to native speakers and English speakers! You need to tune in to natural English and do this on a regular basis. This will give you a great foundation. Select an English speaking movie that you love and that has subtitles in your own language.
- Select a scene that you enjoy, turn down the English sound and then watch it with the subtitles so that you know what it is about.
- Then, turn on the sound, listen and watch it with the subtitles.
- So now, turn off the subtitles and watch it while listening.
- Do this over and over again and then test yourself by replaying the scene and see if you can speak the lines just like the actors.
- Finally…enjoy yourself
Taken from http://ezinearticles.com
by Johnny Ling Leh Wui
Materials: a set of items of various settings (classroom, kitchen, living room, town, etc)
Language focus: present simple, giving instructions
1) This is a pairwork.
2) Give two sets of pictures of different setting.
3) Each student will be arranging the setting that they have according to their own will.
4) For example, student A is arranging the arrangement of the furniture in the living room and student B on classroom setting.
5) Begin, by getting student A to give some description to student B based on her arrangement of the setting in living room. Student B with a set of pictures of living room furniture will try his or her best to arrange accordingly to the description given by Students A.
6) After 5 minutes, they both change roles. It is now student B turns. Student A will now listen to Student B on his or her description of his classroom arrangement.
7) In the end both check their arrangement and see if their arrangements are the same.
This is an activity that trains students to listen and interpret the message more carefully. Often, not all of us listen during conversation. We merely just hear. Therefore, there is no proper understanding in the listening task that we are having. Such exercise above can train student to be more concentrate while listening to their friends. Beside it also gets to train the students in sentence constructing – based on the description they give to the listeners. By looking at their friends’ reaction while arranging the setting, they would know if their description (sentence construction) is of accurate or is of lacking.