Reading

Hello again….

I would like to share about strategies and tips to improve your reading skills. In the modern age of information, reading truly is a fundamental survival skill. Here are some tips that anyone can use to improve their reading skills.Remember, the more you read, the better reader you’ll become (and smarter, too)! So, feed your mind: read!

  1. Sound out each letter as best you can and you will notice they form some sort of word. Some letters fit together. For example, “th” is not pronounced as t + h, but rather as one unit. This is called a ‘phoneme’.
  2. Find a place to read where you can concentrate. This may be someplace secret where no one will bother you, or simply your home at a time when it is quiet.
  3. Begin your reading by looking at the pictures, or listening to the music to get a feel for what you are going to be reading about.
  4. Start with titles, names, or other larger print items that you may know or ever thought about.
  5. Read as much as you are able. When you start getting bored or need a break, take one. Reading should be fun and enjoyable, don’t force it. After your break, return to where you were, and continue.
  6. Reread the material. It is okay to reread something if you do not understand it fully the first time.
  7. Go to the library and pick up lots of books. Pick books depending on your reading level, no matter what your age.
  8. Read the page carefully. Don’t rush, take your time. Most people think that skimming the page(skimming means to just scan the whole page and hardly take in a couple of words)is a way of fast reading, but this is definitely not true.
  9. Use context clues to find out a word’s meaning. Context clues are when a person figures out the meaning of a word by seeing how the word was used in a sentence. For example, you were reading the following sentence and wanted to know what ‘pessimist’ means:My mother is always happy and optimistic, the total opposite of my brother, the pessimist. So from the sentence, you can gather that ‘pessimist’ means the opposite of happy, so pessimist means being moody and angry. Good, experienced readers always use context clues! If you find a word that you’re totally stumped on, use the dictionary! If you want to save time and the hassle of turning pages, go to the online dictionary
  10. Reread! If you don’t understand what you are reading, read over the sentence(s) again. Try reading the words out loud to yourself. If you still don’t understand something, ask a good reader nearby to explain the sentence(s)to you, or simply pick up a book that is easier to read and more appropriate to your reading level. Feel free to use your finger as a pointer. It will keep your eyes focused on the line you are reading, improving your underst
  11. Keep reading! Try to read as much as you can on your free time. Reading will help you in lots of ways; your vocabulary will become larger and more sophisticated and you will notice your grades change for the better in school. Have fun reading!

CLICK HERE FOR THE SOURCES!!!!!

By: Sharziman Ismail


3 Testing Methods for Reading by Hughes (2000)

Shared by: Johnny Tiang Kah Hoe (A126075)

Reading is one of the language components which is always tested in both English achievement and proficiency test. In this passage, I would like to share three reading testing methods suggested by Hughes (2000). The three are multiple-choice test, unique answer and short –answer test. Example will be given in explanation of each type of testing method.

First of all, multiple-choice test items is a common device for text comprehension. In any multiple-choice item, the question is followed by three to five options. The answer to the question is called key while the other options are called distractors. It is vey time-consuming in preparing a good and reliable multiple choice test. However, it is easy to evaluate a multiple choice test as it is a machine markable technique. Multiple-choice test is a test with high reliability as markers’ judgment is not involved in the marking process.

 

In the unique answer reading test suggested by Hughes (2000), there is only one possible correct response. It might be a single word or number, or something slightly longer. For example, “China” ; “The boy with a hat” and “School teachers”. Unique answer testing method is knowledge based. It is easy for a teacher to mark the unique answer test as the answers for the questions are limited. But, its use is necessarily limited as it is not an integrative skill involving actual reading.

Third method to test students’ reading discussed here is the short-anwer tests. Short-anwer tests are extremely useful for testing reading comprehension (Weir 1993). In a SAQ technique, the students are asked to give an answer to a question. This might be a single word or number or slightly longer phrase. The answers may vary and will be scored for the accuracy of content instead of the writing ability.

 

 

 

 

References:

Hughes, A. 2000. Testing for language teachers.  United Kingdom: Cambridge University.

Weir, C. J. 1993. Understanding & Developing Language Tests. New York: Prentice Hall.

 


FUN READING with Miss Moureen!

FUN READING with Miss Moureen!

Typical reading will always start with a lengthy text to be read! It will definitely shaken students’ motivation to further reading upon seeing a lengthy text to be read.

So, what I have prepared is I come out with a word search sheet first. Normally, students will become fascinated when they first see a task that seems fun- like a word search. In order to complete this word search, students need to read a text and answer the questions and then followed by searching for words in the word maze. How about that? Isn’t’ it sounds more appealing to do a reading? Below I provide an example that I adapt from the ESL Galaxy websites.

Fellow teachers, try it!

Example:

Based on the reading text, students ca be asked to do a Word Search before they can actually answer the questions.


Interactive Reading Aloud for children.

I would like to share some reading aloud materials that can be found from the Net.There are actually interactive reading aloud books for children. The book will have the written form what is being said and at the same time moving pictures which will capture their attention. In a way, reading aloud does help the child’s literacy.

Click on this URL address and view it online!

Gordilocks and the Three Bears

The Fox and Grapes

Using this interactive reading aloud, the teacher can reinforce or emphasis on certain words taught with the beginning of a certain consonant and at the same time deriving meaning of what certain words mean. This in fact may instill the reading interest in the children from young.

By: Teacher Manpreet


Books to Movies!

by JOHNNY LING LEH WUI

I personally think that the major problem with reading lesson now is that the text is not interesting enough. Usually, what is given is just an article gotten from some magazines and text books. It is of no wonder why students lose their interest when it comes to reading lesson because the text itself is not fantastic enough. Besides, the articles given may not cater everyone’s interest. For example, not all of us like non-fiction reading materials. Some may love fictions. Therefore, the best way is to give students the latest movie books or stories!

There are several reasons why movie books can be made as part of reading lesson.

1)      You get students to read more (extensive reading) – the length of the text.
2)      The books are far more interesting than the articles – everyone knows the story – shared topic to talk with each other
3)      The discussion can be expanded. Higher level of questioning skills such as analyzing and reasoning. – characterization and the cultural background. This also enriches students’ knowledge not only in the present but also the past.
4)      Students can compare the movie with the content of the original story in the book – how certain description in the book is portrayed in the movie
5)      The movie provides students a sense of background knowledge in the story book – this ease the reading progress and helps in imagination

Usually a movie can arouse people’s interest in reading the text. Like me, I am only sometimes attracted to the book when I know the content and watched it. This is because I know there must be differences between what is portrayed in the movie and the book. Therefore, there are a lot of reading materials that have changes into movies. You might want to try some of it. But remember, choose stories that are appropriate to their age and the length of the text that are suitable for their proficiency.

Below are some discussion that you can have after reading and watching.

1)      Compare the differences between the book and the movies in terms of
a.      the plot – cultural and time setting|
b.      the characters – the characteristics
2)      Discuss the issue in the story – the intended message

*Some of the story books are guided with some questions at the end of the story. Perhaps teacher can select some of the questions for the students.

REMEMBER: What we want the student to do is not just to look for information in a reading. We want them to really interact with the story so that TRUE READING is achieved!

Here are some of the story books that are made into movies.

The Cat in The Hat

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Reading with Ipad

Reading can be tedious when one has to stare at a pages of written words for hours. A lot of parents and teachers have found it hard to motivate students to be ardent readers. Fortunately, Steven Paul Jobs, chief executive officer of Apple Inc has offered an ingenious solution, Ipad. Ipad is a gadget which has a slim design and performs like any other computers. What makes it special is the fact that it is portable and it is easy to carry around. Now, the students do not have to carry heavy backpacks or heavy books with them anymore. These days, they are offered a choice where they can carry Ipad to anywhere they want to read storybooks using Ipad. Some of the most popular e-books that can be found in apple stores are Jack and the Beanstalk, Miss Spider’s Sunny Patch Books and many more.

Here is the link to find out some of the most popular reading applications in apple store.

The Best Ipad Book Apps for Reading Books at School

 

Yu Ching Hung


Art and Craft as part of Reading?

by Johnny Ling Leh Wui

There are a lot of reasons why a student dislike reading lesson very much. First, students are shame to read aloud in the class. Secondly, the activity is always related to answering comprehension questions. Reading, asnwering, reading and answering. Nothing more!

It indisputable that reading is all about testing their understanding about a certain text given to them. In fact, supplemented by the exam-oriented society, it pressures most teachers into focusing only the academic angle of education, omitting the fun in reading. But is that all  reading can offer us?  Why not try to turn reading into something more fun and yet still require students to read (fun reading!)

Integrating Art and Craft in Reading!

I could not agree more that when I was in primary school, I was only interested in singing, drawing or colouring – anything that has got to do with art or performance. It was the only catalyst that pushed me towards studying and it worked eventually. However, a teacher must be careful in selecting the order of the activities (either before, during or after reading) to prevent losing the  main purpose of reading . Perhaps the suggested activities bellow are more suitable to be conducted after reading as the closure. The activities of course has to be suitable according to their age.

Activities suitable for primary students.
Primary school students are very enthusiastic when it comes to hands on learning. Therefore, any activities that are related to art is suitable for them. What is being focus here is the language usage in the activity while reading is just subordinate towards their learning.

For instance, provided that children are reading a text on how someone is celebrating his or her birthday. The teacher perhaps can ask the students to use their creativity on how they make a birthday card for the birthday boy or girl in the text.

To make it more interesting, perhaps the teacher can change it into pop ups card.

Other examples of activities are:

a) finger puppets  or character headbands
E.g.: designing their own puppets or headbands and come out with a role
play according to the story line in the text

b) drawings
E.g.: could be anything (picture of their family, their friends) which is related
to the text

c) colouring
E.g.: based on the text, the students colour the picture according to the
descriptions

d) my story book
E.g.: create their own little short story book (with drawings and pictures)
based on the text given (teacher may provide them with printed
pictures)

e) vocabulary mobiles
E.g. : a collection of vocabulary in terms of drawings found in a text.

Vocabulary mobiles of fish. It could be others such as vegetables, animals and flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activities suitable for secondary school students
It is advisable for teachers to choose activities that will encourage students to constantly referring to the text or require students for extended reading outside of classroom in order to accomplish them. For example, advertisement designing and poster designing.

The poster above, for instance, does not only test students understanding about the activity that is stated in the text but also enhance students' creativity in coming out with the motto to be inserted into the advertisement.

Other examples are such as:

a) Webpage designing.
E.g: information webpage such as Global Warming awareness webpage.

b) Designing games out of the article.
E.g. : treasure hunt by getting the hints from the article

c) Dramatizing
E.g. : miming or short role play – to get the insights of the characters in
the text

d) Singing
E.g. : conducting singing session related to the text
(before or after the reading as set induction or closure)

e) photo story
E.g: using certain software to create a electronic storyboard based on a text (story or documentary)

And others, as long as the activity is suitable and meaningful.